Image of SWIFT Message category, groupe and type

SWIFT, SWIFTNet and SWIFT Message Types

SWIFT, with its network SWIFTNet, is a major player in global payments. This article provides a brief introduction about SWIFT, its network and the SWIFT Message types, groups and categories.

What are SWIFT and SWIFTNet ?

SWIFT stands for Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication. Its network interconnects banks and companies almost everywhere in the world for the exchange of financial messages. SWIFT provides secure messaging solutions to transport messages from one place to another.
Image of SWIFT Global Network
SWIFT Global Network for cross border payments

The strong growth of the traffic and the evolution of the needs of the users required the setting up of innovative and adapted solutions. In 1977, the SWIFT global network was created to replace the Telex network, which was considered too slow and unsafe. At first, it worked with the Binary Synchronous Communications (BSC) protocol introduced by IBM 10 years earlier. In 1991, SWIFT network migrated to the X.25 communication protocol. The network then took the name SWIFT II. The limitations of the X.25 protocol hampered the evolution and implementation of new services. To answer this, migration to the IP protocol started in 2004. The new name, SWIFTNet, is still valid. SWIFTNet is the SWIFT network based on an IP (internet) type protocol. According to SWIFT, the migration from X.25 to IP protocol is the biggest project ever undertaken and very well executed because the customers almost did not notice it.

SWIFT Messages

SWIFT allows all businesses and financial institutions to connect to their network to exchange financial messages. Each network member is identified by the BIC code, also known as the SWIFT code. You can get more information about the BIC code by reading the article about the SWIFT BIC code. It is thanks to this code that messages are routed from the sender to the recipient.

MT and MX messages are exchanged on the SWIFT network. MT messages are structured according to the specifications of the ISO 15022 standard and the newer MX messages according to the ISO 20022 standard.

Thanks to the standardization, the messages respect a specific formalism. This allows fast and automated processing.

The table below contains the list of SWIFT MT message categories:

Here is the page with exhaustive list of all SWIFT messages types. There is a search function included to help you easily find the information you are looking for.

Below are the links to posts where specific SWIFT messages are analyzed.

SWIFT MT101 analysis

SWIFT MT103 analysis

SWIFT MT103 202 COV analysis

SWIFT MT400 analysis

SWIFT MT940 analysis

SWIFT MT950 analysis

SWIFT Message Identifier

The identifier of a SWIFT Message is MT followed by a 3-digit number. The first digit indicates the message category. The second digit indicates the message group and the third digit specifies the type of the message. Thus, MT10x all indicates that the messages of category 1 and of group 0, that is, theoretically messages MT100 to MT109. In practice, SWIFT uses only 0, 1 and 9 for the group :

  • When the group takes the value “0” like in MT10X, it means the message is a about transfer.
  • When the group takes the value “1” like in MT11X, it means the message is a about a cheque.
  • When the group takes the value “9” like in MT19X, the message belongs to common group messages that are used for cancellations, queries, advices, answers and to handle other exceptions.

The picture below depicts the identifier a SWIFT Message MT.

Image of SWIFT Message category, groupe and type
SWIFT Message category, group and type

For MX, things are different. The identification of messages is based on the name IS0 20022. Thus the MT103 becomes MX Pacs.008 and not MX 103. You find the SWIFT MT to MX equivalence for MT1xx, MT2xx and MT9xx on the following page. The logic to name the  messages identifier is different in the two standards.

The exchange of MT messages is done via the FIN service that Swift introduced at the very beginning. Over time, SWIFT has expanded its offering and now offers solutions such as InterAct or FileAct for exchanging messages and files. These protocols will be presented and analyzed in future articles.

14 thoughts on “SWIFT, SWIFTNet and SWIFT Message Types”

  1. Hi Jean, Thanks for your articles and it clears my head in some way.

    Do you mind also to explain the difference between SWIFT FIN and SWIFT FIN-Copy?

    And under what circumstances MT205 is used instead of MT202?

    It will be great if you could also give some introduction in MT204.

    Many thanks and have a nice weekend.

    Regards,

    Cat

    1. Hi Cat,

      Thank you for your interest to my blog. I take note of your request and will try to address in the future.
      Subscribe to the newsletter (if not already done), so that you can be notified when new articles will be published on the blog.

      Kind regards,
      Jean Paul

  2. Hi Jean,

    I wanted to understand the difference between the General Purpose Application and FIN Application. How are the two different.

    Would you be able to shed some light on it.

    1. Hi Uday,
      General Purpose Application allows only system messages. These are messages from a user to SWIFT or from SWIFT to a user, but not from one user to another.
      Financial Application allows to send messages from one user to another. It is the user to user service which includes the system messages MT0xx, the User to User Messages MT1xx through 9xx and other Service Messages such as Acknowledgements.

    1. Hi Madhuri,

      Thanks for reaching out!
      I take note of your request and will write about FileAct and InterAct in the future.

  3. Hi JP,

    Your Articles are always contentful and full of knowledge. Thanks for that!
    Could you please help understand a detailed difference between MT and MX ?

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